Solid hardwood flooring is made from hardwood trees, such as oak or maple. It is sanded, stained after it has been installed. Solid hardwood flooring can be re-sanded 3-5 times over the lifetime of the floor. Also, the stain colour can be customized every time it is re-sanded to give a new and fresh look. The thickness of the solid plank floor can be 3/8” to 1” thick.
Installation: Nail down, Glue down
Engineered flooring is a composed of the solid wood on the top layer and a layer of plywood on the bottom layer. The number of plywood layers dictates the thickness of the engineered floor. It is very strong and resistant to moisture content in the room and air.
Installation: Glue down, Floating
Custom flooring allows customers to show their expression and personal taste. The options are endless. Creative Hardwood Flooring can help customers choose and design any floor. These floors can be designed with borders, inlays, resets, or medallions and installed, stained with custom-made colours, sanded and finished on site.
Installation: Glue down, Nail down
Prefinished flooring is made from solid hardwood but it is stained and finished at the manufacturer. It has limited colours and sizes. Tough and durable finishes are available, for example, aluminum or titanium oxide finishes. Prefinished hardwood flooring is easy and ready to install straight from the box.
Installation: Nail down
Cork Flooring is unique and special. Half of its composition is air, which gives it a soft, bouncy, warm, and quiet feeling. It is 100% natural and is recommended for people with health problems and allergies.
Installation: Glue down, Floating
Laminate flooring is made to fit everybody’s budget. It gives you appearance of having a real wood floor. It is very durable, easy to install and the color choices are endless. This type of floor is not made from real wood.
The two most frequent causes of moisture problems in a new home is moisture trapped within the structure during construction and/or a continuing source of excess moisture from the basement, crawl space, or slab. These moisture sources can also cause problems with wood flooring. However, a properly placed vapour retarder can prevent or reduce moisture from entering the house.
The term “ vapour barrier” has been commonly used to indicate materials that inhibit moisture movement. Most of these materials do permit the passage of small amounts of moisture: therefore the term “vapour barrier” is not totally accurate and “vapour barrier” is more appropriate. A “vapour retarder” is a material which has a permeance of less then 1 perm. 6-mil polyethylene (0.6 perm rating) or equivalent materials are now used as retarders.
Ordinary asphalt saturated roofing felt or building papers should not be used as vapour retarders.
CONCRETE SLAB CONSTRUCTION
Strip flooring and related products should be protected from moisture migration through a slab. Proper on grade or above grade construction requires that a vapour retarder be in place beneath the slab. Always perform appropriate moisture tests to determinate suitability of the slab before delivering wood products.
WOOD JOIST CONSTRUCTION
For a new home with wood joist construction, after the roof, windows and doors are installed, place a polyethylene film over the crawl space earth as soon as possible. Cover the earth 100%, overlap sheets, turn up at foundation walls, and weight down to avoid dislocation.
Source: Controlling moisture in homes-according to National Association of Home Builders,1987